Looking forward to the six major trends of 5G commercial networks in 2020, the outbreak of 5G terminals has begun to take shape

What is the scale of global 5G development? On December 20th, at the “5G China” forum of the Shenzhen International Electronics Show, Yao Jinye, Deputy Director of Marketing of Shenzhen Institute of Information and Communication, brought a wonderful analysis of the latest 5G market development. Electronic enthusiast reporters also collected data from the latest foreign research institutions and the development trend of 5G networks in 2020, and shared them with everyone.

31 countries around the world have released 5G commercial services, and it is estimated that there will be more than 70 5G commercial service operators annually

As of the end of September 2019, a total of 48 operators in 28 countries around the world have achieved 5G commercial use, an increase of 14 operators in 8 countries over the previous quarter. At the same time, 65 operators in another 47 countries/regions have clarified the timetable for 5G commercial use. Among them, 23 operators in 19 countries/regions plan to commercialize it in 2019. China’s 5G commercial use is at the forefront. China Information and Communication Research estimates that the number of operators providing 5G commercial services is expected to exceed 70 this year.

According to the latest data released by GSA, as of mid-December, 56 5G commercial services have been released in 31 countries/regions, and 75 operators have deployed 3GPP-compliant technologies in their networks to test, As many as 342 operators have invested in 5G networks in trials, pilots, planned deployments and actual deployments.

Six Major Trends of 5G Networks in 2020

OVUM chief analyst Donlin Shen said at the 5G China conference that the Asia-Pacific region has a large number of 5G mobile users, North America mainly has an increase in fixed broadband users, China Mobile has better network coverage, and 4G network coverage. China’s 4G base stations account for a quarter of the world. Third, the 4G network coverage in the United States is far inferior to that of China. North American communications operators are more cautious in launching broadband, investing more in densely populated areas and less investment in sparsely populated areas. The same is true on 5G.

Now, everyone is concerned about higher speeds and more users, accounting for 33%, improving network operation efficiency and capacity accounting for 26.8%, new markets and new business development accounting for 10.9%, and the short-term 5G task is to change the current business experience. Attracting more customers and realizing the characteristics and functions of the 5G network itself will be when the 5G network matures in a few years. The 5G technology is complex, and the establishment of a 5G ecosystem will take a long time. Now it has just begun.

According to the forecast given by the 5G platform, on the basis of the foundation laid in 2019, large-scale 5G network construction will officially begin in 2020, mainly including China, the United States, South Korea, Japan and some European countries. Related trends include:

①Large-scale construction of low-band FDD 5G NR, such as AT&T’s 850 MHz band 5G NR, and T-Mobile US’s 600 MHz band 5G NR;

②The mid-band 5G NR scale construction, such as China, Japan, etc.;

③The millimeter wave 5G network construction in the United States, South Korea, and Japan (including outdoor and indoor small stations);

④Dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS) and carrier aggregation (CA) will be deployed on a large scale, such as Verizon, AT&T and some European operators;

⑤ Telecom operators in China, the United States, South Korea, and the Middle East will begin to upgrade to 5G SA;

⑥Global 5G roaming and multiple SIM cards will rise.

Domestic 5G technology research and development progress

At the beginning of 2016, China initiated 5G technology research trials by the IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group, and promoted the development of the 5G industry in stages. The first phase (key technology verification) test was completed in September 2016, the second phase (technical solution verification) test was completed in December 2017, and the third phase (system verification) test was launched in 2018. It seems that it has become 5G pre-commercial R&D and test Important basis.

Global 5G application implementation progress

Looking at the implementation of 5G applications, a survey conducted by the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology shows that as of the end of September, 135 operators around the world have conducted or will conduct a total of 391 application trials, of which eMBB applications accounted for 57.8%, AR/VR, and high-definition video. Transmission and fixed wireless access are the three most tested applications.

Dell Oro made a brief summary of the development in 2019 in the “Top Ten 5G Tests in 2020” released on December 17th: 5G mobile broadband accelerated commercialization faster than expected, and 5G new air ports accounted for the first three quarters of the world in 2019 With a double-digit share of the overall wireless network market, the mid-band 5G Massive MIMO has recently seen a surge in shipments. The shipments and revenues of 5G millimeter wave new air interface equipment increased in the third quarter. The positive trend of the millimeter wave 5G new air interface market exceeded expected.

5G terminal advancement speeds up

Yao Jinye said that 5G has risen to the national development strategy and has received a very high degree of attention. On June 6, 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued formal commercial licenses to 4 companies, making our country the first batch of 5G commercial countries. At the same time, the technical work of 5G terminals is synchronized. In other words, in the entire 5G commercial development, the development of 5G networks and the development of 5G terminals are completely parallel. On December 27, the latest report from the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology showed that by the end of 2019, the number of 5G package users owned by the three major operators will reach 3 million. Now the market has launched 24 5G mobile phones and 7 Other 5G terminals.

According to the report of the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, 5G commercial applications in 2019 and 4G commercial first year in 2010, the initial development speed of 5G surpassed 4G. From a global perspective, the number of networks will reach more than 60 by the end of the year, the number of terminals will exceed 200, the number of base stations will reach 1 million, and the number of users will exceed 10 million, all exceeding development expectations.

Looking forward to the six major trends of 5G commercial networks in 2020, the outbreak of 5G terminals has begun to take shape

In terms of the number of 5G terminals, data released by GSMA showed that the number of 5G users at the end of the third quarter was 4.77 million, of which 5G users in South Korea exceeded 3 million. In mid-November, the number of 5G users in South Korea reached 4.2 million. According to the monthly data released by the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, China’s 5G mobile phone shipments have increased exponentially, with 220,000 units in August, 500,000 units in September, 2.49 million units in October, and 5.07 million units in November. According to this trend, it is expected that it will reach the end of the year. The total may exceed 10 million.

According to Yao Jinye’s analysis, companies in the Pearl River Delta and Shenzhen have reported in the 5G China Institute of Information and Communications Technology that compared with the commercial application of 5G in 2019 and the commercial first year of 4G in 2010, the initial development speed of 5G has surpassed that of 4G. From a global perspective, the number of networks will reach more than 60 by the end of the year, the number of terminals will exceed 200, the number of base stations will reach 1 million, and the number of users will exceed 10 million, all exceeding development expectations. In terms of terminal launch, it is in the forefront of the country, which fully shows that Huawei, OPPO and Vivo have invested huge research and development funds in the early stage and have corresponding research and development capabilities. According to statistics, 70% of the global mobile terminal manufacturing industry is in China. Another 90% of 70% are enterprises in the Pearl River Delta.

Five major challenges in the integration of 5G and the Internet of Things

Yao Jinye pointed out that the integration of 5G and the Internet of Things is a worldwide problem, which is mainly manifested in five major challenges: first, the application scenario is not clear, and second, the network coverage plan is not clear, to solve the network deployment of different industries and meet the load requirements ; Third, 5G chips and modules need to be strengthened, limited by the dual impact of the R&D capabilities of my country’s manufacturing equipment and other industries and 5G chip R&D capabilities; fourth, the application maturity is not yet clear, and it is at an early stage, requiring analysis of different applications Maturity is promoted by classification and in batches. Fifth, the business model is not clear, explore 5G and various industries to build a sharing model, business cooperation model.

5G+ Industrial Internet of Things

In Yao Jinye’s view, in the entire Industrial Internet, many companies have adopted new technical solutions and new management models to improve their industrial structure and manufacturing, which has produced very good results. 5G networks have had a profound impact on the improvement of industrial production efficiency from the four aspects of intelligent industrial control, intelligent industrial robots, wireless sensor networks, and intelligent production assistance systems. 5G networks have had a profound impact on the improvement of industrial production efficiency from the four aspects of intelligent industrial control, intelligent industrial robots, wireless sensor networks, and intelligent production assistance systems.

The high reliability, low latency, large connection and large broadband of 5G provide an excellent technology to the needs of industrial production enterprises. Aiming at the high reliability required by the industrial Internet and the low latency required by the Internet of Vehicles, the 5G network provides highly customized slicable network technology to meet various industries and provide the most reliable technical management, which is also the 5G ecological enablement Multiple vertical areas.

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